Resources - Facts and Figures

Global Progress

Global Deprivation 

Health
The Annual number of global under-five deaths has dropped from 12.5 million in 1990 to less than 9 million in 2008. (UNICEF, 2009)

Vaccines now save millions of lives and have helped reduce global measles deaths by 74% since 2000. (UNICEF, 2009)

An estimated 1.6 billion peopl e gained access to improved water sources facilities between 1990 and 2006. (UNICEF, 2009)

27 countries reported a reduction of up to 50% in the number of malaria cases between 1990 and 2006. (World Health Organization, 2009)

About 1.1 billion people in developing regions gained access to improved sanitation between 1990 and 2006. (World Health Organization, 2009)
22 million infants are not protected from diseases by routine immunization. (UNICEF, 2009)

2.5 billion people still lack access to improved sanitation facilities. (UNICEF, 2009)

The four most common childhood illnesses are diarrhea, actute respiratory illness, malaria and measles.  Each of these illnesses is both preventable and treatable. (Bread for the World, 2010)

Lifetime risk of maternal death for women is 300 times greater for women living in the least developed countries than it is for those from industrialised countries. (UNICEF, 2009)

The global maternal mortality ratio of 400 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births in 2005 has barely changed since 1990. (World Health Organization, 2009)
Children
There have been significant increases in the proportion of children sleeping under insecticide-treated mosquito nets. (World Health Organization, 2009)

Since 1990, more than 70 countries have incororated children’s codes into national legislature.  (UNICEF, 2009)
Out of the 1.9 billion children in the developing world, 1 in 3 are without adequate shelter, 1 in 5 have no access to safe wate and 1 in 7 have no access to health sevices. (80:20, 2006)

Between 500 million and 1.5 billion children are estimated to experience violence annually. (UNICEF, 2009)

150 million children aged 5 to 14 years old are engaged in child labour. (UNICEF, 2009)

1.2 million children were trafficked each year as of the year 2000. (UNICEF, 2009)

8.8 million children worldwide died before their fifth birthday in 2008. (UNICEF, 2009)
Education
The number of children out of school declined from 115 million in 2002 to 101 million in 2007. (UNICEF, 2009)

Primary school completion for children in developing countries  who started primary school was more than 90% in 2000-2007. (UNICEF, 2009)

Gender parityin schooling is improving, with the gender parity index at 96% or higher in most developing regions. (UNICEF, 2009)
1% of what the world spends each year on weapons was needed to fund primary school for every child by 2005. (80:20, 2006)

101 million children are not attending primary school with more girls than boys missing out. (UNICEF, 2009)
Food and Nutrition
The proportion of under-nourished children under five years of age declined from 27% in 1990 to 20% in 2005. (World Health Organization, 2009) Poor nutrition and calorie deficiencies cause nearly one in three people to die prematurely or have disabilities. (Bread for the World, 2010)

947 million people in the developing world are undernourished. (Bread for the World, 2010)

37 million infants are not receiving iodized salt to protect them from iodine deficiency. (UNICEF, 2009)
Income and Poverty
The number of people living on less than $1 per day has fallen from 1.25 billion in 1990 to 980 million in 2004. (UNCTAD, 2008)

In sub-Saharan Africa, the proportion of people living in extreme poverty fell from 46.8 per cent in 1990 to 41.1 per cent in 2004. (UNCTAD, 2008)

In recent years most developing countries have seen a significant growth in employment.  (UNCTAD, 2008)

Since 2003, per capita GDP has been growing in developing and transition economies at an annual rate of 5.1 and 7.5 per cent, respectively, compared to 2.0 per cent in developed economies. (UNCTAD, 2008)
Poverty rates in Western Asia more than doubled between 1990 and 2005.  (UNCTAD, 2008)

The bulk of global income, as expressed by world GDP, remains in the hands of the developed countries.  With only 16 per cent of world’s population, developed countries generated 73 per cent of world’s nominal GDP in 2006. (UNCTAD, 2008)

Bibliography:

  • UNICEF (2009). The State of the World's Children
  • UNCTAD (2008) Development and Globalization
  • Bread for the World (2010) Hunger Facts: International
  • 80:20 (2006) 80:20 Development in an unequal world 5th edition
  • World Health Organization (2009) Progress on health related Millenium Develoment Goals (MDGs)
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